Research from the UK Share » Voluntary and non-voluntary euthanasia in the UK In 2009 Professor Clive Seale published research which examined the end-of-life decisions made by doctors. His research was the first of its kind and demonstrates that voluntary euthanasia and non-voluntary euthanasia is practiced in the UK. It currently goes on without safeguards. 0.21% of life was ended with an explicit request from the patient, in other words, voluntary euthanasia. 0.30% of life was ended without an explicit request from the patient, in other words, non-voluntary euthanasia. Hastening end-of-life In 2009 Professor Clive Seale published research which found that a ‘significant minority’ of doctors reported making decisions that they think will hasten the death of a patient. In a third of cases (277 out of 2,809), doctors said that they withheld/withdrew treatment or used a drug to alleviate pain to control symptoms with the intention or expectation of hastening the end-of-life. 28.9% of decisions involved the expectation to hasten the end-of- life. 7.4% of decisions involved the intention to hasten the end-of- life. 9.8% of patients verbally expressed a request for the end of his or her life to be hastened. In the majority of cases (74%) the request stayed consistent. Suicide In 2011 the think-tank, Demos, published research which looked at the impact of terminal and chronic illness on suicide. This was the first research of its kind. The evidence they collected from coroners and Primary Care Trusts showed that approximately 10% of suicides that take place in England involve people with either a chronic or terminal illness. In 2009 there were 4390 suicides in England, so an estimated 439 people with a terminal illness may have taken their own lives in that year. References Seale C (2009) End-of-life decisions in the UK involving medical practitioners Palliative Medicine 23: 198-204 Seale C (2009) Hastening death in end-of-life care: A survey of doctors Social Science & Medicine 69(11): 1659-66 Bazalgette L, Bradley W, and Ousbey J, “The Truth About Suicide”, Demos, 2011.